Managing symptoms after a concussion

  • Tips for self-care, rest and recovery


    During the first few days, you may need to rest. Your symptoms may worsen when you're tired or if you have done too much. Be sure to get a good sleep each night.

    Medications and alcohol

    Only take medication prescribed by your doctor. Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs while recovering from a concussion.

    Exercise and sports

    Once you are symptom-free at rest, you can start light aerobic exercises like walking or stationary cycling. Gradually increase activity as long as you remain symptom free. Avoid activities with a risk of another concussion. Always wear proper protective gear, and it's recommended to get medical clearance before returning to sports.


    Do not drive for at least 24 hours after your injury. Resume driving only when you feel safe. If unsure, consult your doctor.

    Daily activities

    Don't rush back into all your usual activities at your pre-concussion pace. Gradually ease back into your routine and remember to rest between activities. It may be necessary to start with just a few hours of work or school each day, especially if you're a full-time worker or student.

  • Additional resources for returning to daily activities

    Resources from the Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT), addressing concussion recognition, diagnosis, treatment and management:

    Good concussion management is pivotal to minimizing the risk of brain damage and may reduce long-term health consequences.