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An introduction to the different forms of heart disease.
Angina is the term for chest pain. The pain is often described as a squeezing, suffocating or burning feeling.
Arrhythmia is when the heart beat is either irregular, too fast or too slow.
Atrial fibrillation is a lack of electrical coordination in the upper chambers of the heart (called the atria).
Atrial flutter is an abnormal heart rhythm where the upper chambers of the heart (atria) beat too quickly.
Atherosclerosis is the hardening or clogging of the arteries and happens when plaque builds up inside an artery.
Brugada syndrome is a rare, often inherited condition that causes irregular beats in the bottom chambers of the heart.
Cardiac arrest is when the heart suddenly stops beating and cannot pump blood to the rest of the body.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that reduces its ability to pump blood.
Congenital heart disease
Congenital heart disease is a problem with the structure of the heart that is present at birth.
Coronary artery disease
Coronary artery disease happens when arteries in the heart are blocked.
A heart attack is when the flow of blood to a section of the heart becomes blocked and the heart can't get oxygen.
Heart block happens when the heart’s electrical signals are too slow or are interrupted.
Heart failure is when your heart isn’t strong enough to pump your blood effectively.
Infective endocarditis is an infection of the valves or lining of the heart.
Inherited rhythm disorders
People with inherited rhythm disorders (IRDs) experience irregular heartbeats, also known as arrhythmias.
Long Q-T syndrome
Long Q-T syndrome is a disorder of the heart’s electrical system. It is often inherited and present from birth. It can also be caused by certain medications.
Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder that affects your connective tissue.
Myocarditis is the inflammation of and damage to the heart muscle.
Pericarditis is an infection of the pericardium, which is the thin, tough membrane surrounding the heart.
Rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease is a group of short and long term heart disorders that can occur as a result of rheumatic fever.
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a tear in an artery wall in your heart that allows blood to build up in the space between the layers of your artery wall.
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (Broken heart syndrome)
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as broken heart syndrome, has symptoms very similar to a heart attack, with chest pain, shortness of breath and low blood pressure.
Valve disorders can cause dizziness, shortness of breath, swelling, chest pain, or more serious complications.
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