Dementia is an umbrella-term for symptoms including memory loss and problems with thinking, problem solving or language. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common disease to cause dementia.
What is dementia?
Dementia is an umbrella-term for symptoms including memory loss and problems with thinking, problem solving or language. These symptoms are caused by diseases affecting the brain. Diseases that cause dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Lewy Body disease, head trauma, and others.
Dementia is not a normal part of aging. Learn more about dementia.
Did you know you can reduce your risk of dementia?
There are many ways we can improve or maintain our brain health, including exercising, healthy eating, reducing stress, keeping our brains active such as playing games or learning a new language, and managing our blood pressure and cholesterol.
What is Alzheimer's disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia accounting for two-thirds of all types of dementia. Alzheimer’s is a chronic, progressive illness that destroys brain cells and impairs the thinking and functioning of those affected. Alzheimer’s disease is not a normal part of aging.
What are the common signs or symptoms of dementia?
As there are many different types and causes of dementia, there can be many different signs and symptoms. Some signs and symptoms include:
- Feeling confused or disoriented
- Difficulty remembering events, conversations, names/words
- Difficulty doing daily tasks, chores, activities
- Trouble planning or organizing
- Changes to personality, mood or behaviour
- Difficulty recognizing and misplacing objects
How is dementia treated?
If you are concerned about yourself or a loved one, speak to doctor or nurse practitioner.
It is important to have this conversation early to get more information, be connected to resources, and treat reversible causes of dementia such as thyroid problems or some vitamin deficiencies.
Speaking with your doctor early is an important first step. Alzheimer’s disease does not have a specific cure, but treatments can help slow progression or lessen the burden of symptoms.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and seeking support from family, friends, and community groups is important for quality of life.
What should I do to get help?
If you are concerned about yourself or a loved one, speak to your family doctor or nurse practitioner.
Patients and caregivers
Health care providers
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