Learn more about positive parenting, disciplining and screen time.

Parenting starts from the moment your baby is born. Take time to review our parenting page in our Life with Your Baby section to learn more about:

  • Love and attachment
  • Listening to your baby's cues
  • Routines
  • Adjusting to parenthood
  • Finding support
  • Positive parenting programs

Understanding your child's emotions

Over time, children learn how to cope with their emotions and express their feelings in appropriate ways. Parents can help them through this by modelling good control of their own frustration and anxiety.

By understanding your child’s temperament, you can be better prepared when in group settings, with new experiences or smoothing transitioning from one activity to another.

Dealing with challenging behaviour

There will be times when your toddler may be difficult as they test ideas, boundaries and power. Positive discipline is a strategy to teach your child as they grow. What approach you take to discipline will depend on your child’s age, stage of development, personality and many other factors.

Time outs

Time outs are a way to remove your toddler away from a situation where she or he is doing something unacceptable.

  • Use as a disciplining tool with children two years and older.
  • Keep time out short (one minute for each year of your child’s age).
  • Remain in the same room as the time-out corner or chair.


Physical punishment such as spanking is strongly discouraged. It can physically and emotionally hurt your child. There are more effective and positive ways to teach and guide your child to grow up with self-esteem, respect for others and skills to cope with life. Learn how you can guide your child with positive discipline.

Biting and hitting

Biting is a common behaviour for young children. Most biting can be prevented if you can help your child to express their feelings in more acceptable ways. Learn what you can do about your child’s biting.

Hitting and other aggressive behaviour can often be prevented before it begins. Anticipating situations that may cause aggressive behaviour and re-directing the behaviour in a positive way can be helpful and relieve stress. When possible, alert children before transitions, such as the end of playtime, leaving an outing, or the arrival or departure of guests. Remember to reward desired behavior to reinforce to children what is expected of them.

Time with TV, computers and electronics

Our lives are often filled with TV, computers, video games and electronics, often referred to as screen time. These gadgets easily grab our toddler’s full attention. Conflicting messages are out there for parents on what technology is safe for children.

The Canadian Paediatric Society recommends:

  • Children less then two years of age do not have any screen time.
  • Children age two to four have less then two hours per day.

Practice good role modelling as a parent. Turn off the iPad, TV or computer and play with your toddler.