Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver caused by the Hepatitis B virus.

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver caused by the Hepatitis B virus.

How is Hepatitis B spread?

Hepatitis B is spread through direct contact of infected blood, semen or other body fluids. This can happen through sexual contact, sharing of needles or other drug equipment or from mother to baby at birth.

What are the symptoms of Hepatitis B?

Children under the age of five rarely experience any symptoms. Approximately 70 per cent of adults infected with the Hepatitis B virus will experience symptoms.

Common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Tenderness in the upper right side of the stomach area
  • Dark coloured urine
  • Clay coloured stools
  • Yellow skin or eyes

What are the risks of Hepatitis B?

About 90 per cent of adults infected with Hepatitis B recover (get rid of the virus) within six months. However about 90 per cent of infected babies and 10 per cent of infected adults will develop chronic infection for life. Chronic Hepatitis B can cause cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure and death. A person with chronic Hepatitis B also has higher risk of being infected with another viral Hepatitis.

How can I prevent getting Hepatitis B?

The best way to not get Hepatitis B is to get immunized. The Hepatitis B vaccine is safe. It is much safer to get the vaccine than to get the disease. When you get immunized you help to protect others as well.

Who should get the Hepatitis B vaccine?

The Hepatitis B vaccine is provided free to:

Get immunized against Hepatitis B by making an appointment with your doctor, pharmacist (for those 5 years and older) or Public Health.

Booking an immunization appointment with Public Health

Residents of Fraser East (Mission, Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Agassiz and Hope), call 604-702-4906

Residents in any other area of Fraser Health, call 604-476-7087 

Hours of operation: Monday to Friday (8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.)

Note: When making an appointment with Public Health, you will be offered a text message reminder through the ImmunizeBC text message reminder system. 


For more information about Hepatitis B and the Hepatitis B vaccine, go to: